Working Memory Rehab
Auditory AND Visual WORKING MEMORY
Working memory is a central problem for those with Autism, ADHD, learning disorders, and auditory/visual processing disorders. Working memory helps us stay involved in something longer, pay attention and keep more things to mind while performing a task. It allows us to resist distractions and inhibit impulsive choices.
Research shows that working memory impairments are associated with low learning outcomes and constitute a high risk factor for educational underachievement for children.
For those with working memory impairments, brain based rehab is absolutely essential to be successful academically and socially. Training builds neuroplasticity in cognitive abilities, processing speed, and comprehension.
There are two main controls for working memory:
VERBAL (AUDITORY) WORKING MEMORY
This is the sound phonological system which is responsible for the manipulation of speech based information. Auditory working memory…
- Is linked to speech perception.
- Is used to rehearse and store verbal information
- Holds information in ‘speech based’ form (conversation, instruction)
If there’s a weakness in verbal (auditory) working memory, a person may not be able to keep the instructions in mind while working with them. This is true even when they fully understand what to do.
VISUAL SPATIAL WORKING MEMORY
Visual working memory is responsible for retaining visual shapes and colours. Spatial memory is responsible for information about locations and movement. Visual spatial working memory…
- Is responsible for manipulating visual images.
- Allows you to envision something, to keep it in your “mind’s eye.” Students use this skill to do mental math by remembering patterns, images and sequences of events.
6 Year old patient with ADHD and Expressive Language Disorder is performing a frontal lobe activity to improve working memory. She must remember which number or letter she was on previously, constantly switching between the two. She could do 1, A when she began and now she can hold her attention and do the entire 52